Phytochemical evaluation of the leaves of Aegle marmeloes L. (L.) – an important medicinal plant

A. Aneesh, Ajith Jacob George, Bibu John Kariyil, Dhanush Krishna, Mammen J. Abraham


Aegle marmeloes L. (L.), belonging to Rutaceae family, is a widely used medicinal plant. This plant is known to possess hypoglycemic, antimicrobial, antiinflammatory, radio protective, anti-oxidative and anticancer activities. The present study is aimed to find out the important phytochemicals present in Aegle marmeloes L. (L.) leaves using FTIR and GC-MS. Most structurally similar compound as per FTIR was L (-)- glyceraldehyde unnatural form. Phytol was detected as a major ingredient in GC-MS analysis.


Aegle marmeloes leaves, FTIR, GCMS, Phytochemical qualitative tests, Rutaceae

Full Text:




Ariharan, V.N. and Prasad, P.N. 2014. Quantitative phytochemical analysis on leaf extract of Aegle marmelos. J. Chem. Pharm. Res., 6:1100-1104.

Ariharan, V.N., Kalirajan, K. and Nagendra Prasad, P. 2015. FT-IR studies on three different traits of Vilvam leaves (Bael). J. Chem. Pharm. Res. 7:214-219.

Chandra Prakash Kala, C. P., Dhyani, P. P. and Sajwan, B. S. 2006. Developing the medicinal plants sector in northern India: challenges and opportunities. J. Ethnobiol. Ethnomed., 2:32.

Harborne, J.B. 1998. Phytochemical Methods: A guide for modern techniques of plant analysis (3rd Ed.). Chapmann and Hall, London, p 320.

Jayachandra, K. and Sivaraman, D.T. 2011. Hepaoprotective effect of Aegle marmelos (L.) Corr. leaf powder (crude) against CCl4 induced hepatic damage in albino rats. J. Pharm. Sci. Res., 3:1360-1363.

Mamtha B., Kavitha K., Srinivasan K.K. and Shivananda P.G. 2004. An in vitro study of the effect of Centella asiatica [Indian pennywort] on enteric pathogens. Indian J. Pharmacol. 36: 401.

Matsuura, H.N. and Fett-Neto, A.G. 2015. Plant alkaloids: main features, toxicity, and mechanisms of action. In Plant Toxins. Springer Netherlands. p 1-15.

Mujeeb, F., Bajpai, P. and Pathak, N. 2014. Phytochemical evaluation, antimicrobial activity, and determination of bioactive components from leaves of Aegle marmelos. Biomed. Res. Int., 1-11.

Olofsson, P., Hultqvist, M., Hellgren, L.I. and Holmdahl, R. 2014. Phytol: A Chlorophyll Component with Anti-inflammatory and Metabolic Properties. In Recent Advances in Redox Active Plant and Microbial Products. Springer Netherlands. p 345-359.

Panche, A.N., Diwan, A.D. and Chandra, S.R. 2016. Flavonoids: an overview. J. Nutr. Sci., 5.

Pawaskar, S.M. and Sasangan, K.C. 2017. Invitro-Antioxidant and Preliminary phytochemical analysis of Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. leaf extract. Int. J. Chem. Tech. Res., 10: 66-75.

Praveen kumar, P.; Kumaravel, S. and Lalitha, C. 2010. Screening of antioxidant activity, total phenolics and GC-MS study of Vitex negundo. Afr. J. Biochem. Res., 4: 191-195.

Shubhangi N. Ingole and Rupali S. Kaikade. 2017. GC-MS analysis of aegle marmelos correa ex roxb. (rutaceae) leaf methanol extract. Int. Res. J. Natural App. Sci., 4:38-45.

Swapna, D.P.R., Junise, V., Shibin, P., Senthila, S. and Rajesh, R. S. 2012. Isolation, identification and antimycobacterial evaluation of piperine from Piper longum. Pharm. Lett. 4: 863-868.

Verma, R.S., Padalia, R.C. and Chauhan, A. 2014. Essential oil composition of Aegle marmelos (L.) Correa: chemotypic and seasonal variations. J. Sci. food agric., 94: 1904-13.

Victoria, D.T., Rao, K.K. and Samrot, A.V. 2014. Antibacterial activity and phytochemical screening of Aegle marmelos. Int. J. Pharm. Bio. Sci., 5:895-902.

Yadav, S.D., Muley, R.D., Kulkarni, A.U. and Sarode, B.N. 2013. Study of Bael oil (Aegle Marmelos) and its properties. Women, 1, p1904-1913.

Yadav, N.P. and Chanotia C.S. 2009. Phytochemical and pharmacological profile of leaves of Aegle Marmelos Linn. The Pharmaceutical Reviews, 144–159.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

A KAU publication [CODEN: JTAGEI; ISSN 0971-636X; eISSN 0973-5399]