Aboveground arthropod pest and predator diversity in irrigated rice (Oryza sativa L.) production systems of the Philippines

Sarwshri Gangurde

Abstract


Abundance and diversity of pest and predator species at different stages of crop growth were studied in chemical insecticidetreated and untreated irrigated rice production systems of the Philippines in a single season. Immigration of pest and predator species to the rice fields from the adjoining vegetated patches was also monitored for assessing the potential role of the latter group in natural biological control. Dominant pest species during the tillering stage were plant and leafhoppers belonging to the Hemipteran families of Cicadellidae and Delphacidae. Higher pest species diversity was recorded during the milk stage of the crop in both treatments compared to other pheno-phases. Among the predator species, Micraspis crocea, Conocephalus longipennis, Metioche vittaticollis, Agriocnemis spp., and Cyrtorhinus lividipennis were abundant. Malaise trap catches indicated the movement of pests, namely Recilia dorsalis, Cofona spectra, Nephotettix spp., Nilaparvata lugens, and Eysarcoris spp. and predator species such as M. crocea, Agriocnemis spp., and M. vittaticollis from the adjoining areas. Diversity and richness indices of pest and predators were higher in the untreated fields compared to the insecticide-treated fields. Highest pest species richness was found during the tillering stage, while predator species richness was highest during the milk stage. Implicit in this is that as the pest species increased, the predator diversity followed.


Keywords


Ecological indices, Biological control; Immigration; Shannon index; Species richness; Evenness; Dominance

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A KAU publication [CODEN: JTAGEI; ISSN 0971-636X; eISSN 0973-5399]