Funneliformis mosseae enhanced growth, tuber yield and P-uptake of Solenostemon rotundifolius under acidic and lateritic soil of Kerala

K. Anusha, K. Surendra Gopal, B. Ajithkumar

Abstract


A field experiment was conducted to determine the effect of different arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on growth, yield and phosphorus uptake in Solenostemon rotundifolius (Chinese potato) under acidic and lateritic soil of Thrissur district in Kerala. Per cent AMF root colonization was maximum (93.33%) in Rhizophagus fasciculatus (T1), Funneliformis mosseae (T2), Acaulospora sp. (T4) and consortium (T6) treated plants. Similarly, Funneliformis mosseae (T2) recorded the tallest plants, and the highest root biomass and dryweight. However, among the treatments, AMF consortium (T6) treated plants recorded the highest (16.98t ha-1) tuber yield, which was on par with Rhizophagus fasciculatus (T1), Funneliformis mosseae (T2), Acaulospora sp. (T4) and POP recommendations of KAU, 2016 (T7). Phosphorus uptake was maximum(60.06 kg ha-1) in Funneliformis mosseae (T2) and the lowest in absolute control. Based on biometric characters, tuber yield and P-uptake, Funneliformis mosseae was the most efficient biofertilizer for Chinese potato.


Keywords


Chinese potato, Solenostemon rotundifolius, Funneliformis mosseae, Yield, Acidic and lateritic soil

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References


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