Availability and uptake of nutrients as influenced by levels and schedule of application in upland rice

Availability and uptake of nutrients as influenced by levels and schedule of application in upland rice


  • B. M. Suman College of Agriculture, Kerala Agricultural University, Vellayani 695 522, Kerala, India
  • Sheeja K. Raj Coconut Research Station, Kerala Agricultural University, Balaramapuram, Thiruvananthapuram 695 522, Kerala, India


Soil fertility management


Field experiment was conducted at Coconut Research Station Balaramapuram during Kharif season 2017 with an objective to evaluate the effect of nutrient levels and schedule of nutrient application on the nutrient uptake, nutrient availability and yield of upland rice. The experiment was laid out in factorial RBD with nutrient levels as first factor and schedule of nutrient application as second factor. Among the nutrients levels, NPK @ 120:30:60 kg ha-1 (n4) recorded the highest N and K uptake but it was statistically comparable with n3 (90:30:45 kg ha-1). However, P and Zn uptake was the highest in n3 (NPK @ 90:30:45 kg ha-1) and it was significantly superior to other nutrient levels. Post-harvest soil nutrient status revealed that available N, P and K status and organic carbon content were the highest in the treatment NPK @120:30:60 kg ha-1. Among the schedules of nutrient application, treatments with foliar application of 0.2 per cent zinc sulphate and 0.04 per cent sodium borate at 45 days after sowing (DAS) recorded higher availability of nutrients and uptake of nutrients by crop. Organic carbon content of soil was not significantly influenced by schedule of nutrient application. Grain yield and net returns were significantly influenced by nutrient levels and schedule of nutrient application. Application of N:P:K @ 90:30:45 kg ha-1 applied as N in three equal splits, P as basal and K either in two equal splits or three equal splits along with foliar spray of 0.2 per cent zinc sulphate and 0.04 per cent sodium borate recorded the highest grain yield (3.25 t ha-1) and net returns (35, 637 Rs ha-1) .

Author Biography

B. M. Suman, College of Agriculture, Kerala Agricultural University, Vellayani 695 522, Kerala, India

Department of AgronomyCollege of Agriculture, VellayaniThiruvananthapuram 695 522


Alagesan, A. and Babu, C. R. 2011. Impact of different nitrogen levels and time of application on grain yield and yield attributes of wet seeded rice. Int. J. Food. Agric. Vet. Sci. 1(1): 1-5.

Aula, L., Mcnak, N., Omara, P., Mullock, J., and Raun, W. 2016. Effects of fertilizer nitrogen (N) on soil organic carbon, total N and soil pH in long term continuous winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal. 47 (7).

Available:www.nue.okstate.edu/Index_Publications/PDF_Lawrence.pdf [18 April 2018].

Chaudhary, S.K., Thakur, S.K., and Pandey, A.K. 2007. Response of wet land rice to nitrogen and zinc. Oryza. 44 (1): 31-34.

Chauhan, B.S., Kumar, V. and Mahajan, G. 2014. Research needs for improving weed management in rice. Indian J. Weed Sci. 46: 1-13.

Dhanpal, R. 2010. Relevance and oppurtunities in coconut-based cropping/farming systems. In: Thomas, G.V., Krishnakumar, V., Maheshwarappa, H.P. and Palaniswami, C. (eds), Coconut based cropping/farming systems. Central Plantation Crop Research Institute, Kasargod, pp.1-8.

FAO [Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations]. 2004. Rice is life- Food and Agricultural Organizations of the United Nations [On line]. Available: http://www.fao.org/Newsroom/en/focus/2004/36887/index.html [10 May 2018].

Hesse, P.R. 1971. A Textbook of Soil Chemical Analysis. William Clowes and Sons, London. p. 153.

Jackson, M.L. 1973. Soil Chemical Analysis. 2nd Edition. Prenyice Hall of India (Pvt) Ltd. New Delhi. 498p.

Lindsay, W.L. and Norvell, W.A. 1978. Development of DTPA soil test for zinc, iron, manganese and copper. Soil Soc. Am. J. 42: 421-428.

Mahapatra, I.C. and Panda, S.C. 1972. Uptake and utilization of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium by dwarf Indica rice. Rice Newsl. 21: 1-19.

Murthy, K.M.D., Rao, A.U., Vijay, D., and Sridhar, T.V. 2015. Effect of levels of nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium on performance of rice. Indian J. Agric. Res. 49 (1): 83-87.

Mohan, A., Tiwari, A., and Singh, B. 2017. Effect of foliar spray of various nutrients on yield attributes, yield and economics of rainfed rice. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci. 6 (10): 2566-2572.

Moridani, M. J. and Amiri, E. 2014. Effect of nitrogen and potassium on yield and yield components of rice cultivar “Hashemi”. Indian J. Fundamental Appl. Life Sci. 4: 417-424.

Patnaik, S., Panda, D. and Dash, R.N. 1989.Long term fertilizer experiments with wetland rice. Fert. News 34 (4): 47 – 52.

Pearson, J.N., Rengel, Z., Jenner, C.F., and Graham, R.D. 1996. Manipulation of xylem transport affects Zn and Mn transport in to developing wheat grains of cultured ears. Physiol. Plant 98 (2): 229-234.

Peng, W., Zeng, Y., Shi, Q., and Huang, S. 2017. Responses of rice yield and the fate of fertilizer nitrogen to soil organic carbon. Plant Soil Environ.63 (9): 416-421.

Potarzycki, J. and Grzebisz, W. 2009. Effect of zinc foliar application on grain yield of maize and its yielding components. Plant Soil Environ. 55 (12): 519-527.

Rahman, M.T., Jahiruddin, M., Humauan, M.R., Alam, J.M., and Khan, A. A. 2008. Effect of sulphur and zinc on growth, yield and nutrient uptake of boro rice (CV. BRRI dhan 29). J. soil. Nat. 2 (3): 10-15.

Rao, K.T., Rao, U.A., Sekhar, D., Ramu, P., and Rao, N.V. 2014. Effect of different doses of nitrogen on promising varieties of rice in high altitude areas of Andhrapradesh. Int. J. Farm Sci. 4 (1): 6-15.

Rehman, A., Farooq, M., Cheema, Z.A., Nawaz, A., and Wahid, A., 2014. Foliage applied boron improves the panicle fertility, yield and biofortification of fine grain aromatic rice. J. of Soil Sci. and Plant. Nutr. 14 (3): 723-733.

Rehman, H., Farooq, M., and Basra, S.M.A. 2012. High grain Zn concentration results from increased Zn supply and remobilization during grain filling in water saving rice cultivation [abstract]. In: Abstracts of 14th Congress of soil Science, 12-15 March, 2012, Lahore, Pakistan.

Remesh, R. and Rani, B. 2017. Effect of boron application through soil and foliar methods on the yield attributes and nutrient uptake of wet land rice. Agric. update. 12: 301-304.

Safeena, A.N., Wahid, P.A., Balachandran, P.V., and Sachdev, M.S. 1999. Absorption of molecular urea by rice under flooded and non-flooded soil conditions. Plant. Soil. 208: 161-166.

Sakin, E. 2012. Relationships between of Carbon, Nitrogen Stocks andTexture of the Harran Plain Soils in South Eastern Turkey. Bulgarian J. Agric. Sci. 18 (4): 626-634

Sandhu, S.S. and Mahal, S.S. 2014. Performance of rice under different planting methods, nitrogen levels and irrigation schedules. Indian J. Agron. 59 (3): 392-397.

Sims, J.T and Johnson, G.V. 1991. Micronutrients in Agriculture. Soil Science Society of America, Madison, USA, 50p.

Singh, R.K., Mandal, N.P., Singh, C.V., and Anantha, M.S. 2011. Upland Rice in India. Scientific publishers, New Delhi, India, 189p.

Singh, C.V., Singh, R.V., Variar, M., and Chauhan, V.S. 1992. Agroeconomic assessment of production technology of upland rice. Indian J. Agric. Sci. 62 (3) :187-190.

Subbaiah, B. V. and Asija, G. L. A. 1956. A rapid procedure for the estimation of available nitrogen in soil. Curr. Sci. 25: 259-360.

USDA [United States Department of Agriculture]. 2014. India Grain and Feed Annual 2014. Global Agricultural Information Network, USDA, Foreign Agricultural Service, 39 p.

Walkley, A. J. and Black, C. A. 1934. Estimation of soil organic carbon by the chromic acid titration method. Soil Sci. 37: 29-38.

Wolf, B. 1971. The determination of boron in soil extracts, plant materials, compost, manure, water; and nutrient solutions. Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal. 2: 363-374.




How to Cite

Suman, B. M., & Raj, S. K. (2020). Availability and uptake of nutrients as influenced by levels and schedule of application in upland rice. Journal of Tropical Agriculture, 57(2). Retrieved from https://jtropag.kau.in/index.php/ojs2/article/view/645



Short communications

Similar Articles

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 > >> 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.