Productivity of irrigated maize as influenced by amendments and weed management strategies in the semi-arid Savanna region of Nigeria

A. Lado, M. U. Dawaki, M. A. Yusuf, F. G. Umar

Abstract


Maize production is affected by nutrition, biotic and climatic variables. To evaluate the effect of these, a field experiment was conducted in the dry seasons of 2015 and 2016 at the Teaching and Research Farm of Faculty of Agriculture, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria. The treatments included three irrigation intervals, three weeding methods and seven levels of soil amendments. The experiments were laid out in split-split plot design replicated three times. The results revealed that soil amendments had positive effect on soil properties. Irrigation interval significantly influenced both weed growth and maize performance. Irrigating maize at 3 days intervals with combined application of biochar at @ 3.75 t per ha, compost @ 1.25 t per ha and NPK @ 60:30:30 kg per ha resulted in higher grain yields (2780 and 3990 kg per ha) in 2015 and 2016 respectively. Herbicide applications with biochar @ 3.75 t per ha, compost @ 1.25 kg per ha and NPK @ 60:30:30 kg per ha recorded higher grain yields (2688 kg per ha in 2015 and 3100 kg per hain2016). Combined application of biochar at @ 3.75 t per ha, compost @ 1.25 t per ha and NPK @ 60:30:30 kg per ha with irrigation at three days interval improved soil properties and recorded the highest grain yield and can be recommended in the study area.


Keywords


Soil amendment; weed; maize; irrigation; yield

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adejumo, S.A.,Owolabi, M. O. and Odesola, I. F. 2016. Agro-physiologic

Effects of compostand biochar produced at different temperatures on growth, photosynthetic pigment and micronutrients uptake of Maize Crop. Afr. Agric. Res. 11(8):661-673.

Adepetu, J. A.,Nabhan, H. and Osinubi, A.(Eds). 2000. Simple soil, water and

plant testing techniques for soil resource management: Proceedings of a Training Course held in Ibadan,Nigeria. 16-27 September 1996. IITA,Ibadan.

Aderinoye-Abdulwahab, S.A. and Salami, S.T.. 2017. Assessment of organic

fertilizer usage by Vegetable Farmers in Asa Local Government Area of Kwara State, Nigeria. Agrosearch (1): 101–114.

Anderson, J.M. and Ingram, J.S.I. 1993. Tropical soil biology and fertility: A

handbook of methods.C.A. B. International Wellingford,UK.

Alhassan, I., Saddiq, A. M., Gashua, A. G. and Gwio-Kura, K.K.2017. Effects of

irrigation scheduling and soil management on maize (Zea maysL.) yield

in Guinea Savanna Zone of Nigeria. .International Scholarly and Scientific

Research & Innovation. 11(6):439 –443.

Arif, M., Ali, K.,Munsif, F., Ahmad, W., Ahmad A. and Naveed. K. 2012.

Effect of biochar, farm yard manure and nitrogen on weeds and maize phenology. Pakistan Journal of Weed Science Research.18(4):475-484.

Barrow, C. J. 2012. Biochar: Potential for countering land degradation and for

improving agriculture. Applied Geography 34:21-28.

doi:10.1016/j.apgeog.2011.09.008.

Bruckman, V.J. andKlinglmüller,M. 2014. Potentials to mitigate climate

change using biochar: The Austrian perspective.: In Bruckman VJ,LiuJ,

Basak VV.Apaydin-Varol,E.Eds.) Potentials to Mitigate Climate Change

Using Biochar. IUFRO Occasional Papers27.

Das, T.K. 2011. Weed science: Basic and applications. Jain brothers.891pp.

Elzubeir, A. O. and Mohamed, A. E. 2011. Irrigation scheduling for maize (Zea

mays L.) under desert area Conditions- North of Sudan. Agriculture and

Biology. Journal of North America. Agric. Biol. J. N. Am., 2011,

(4):645-651doi:10.5251/abjna.2011.2.4.645.651.

Ezekiel, A.A. 2016. Economic analysis of maize production among irrigation

farmers in Orire Local Government Area, Oyo State, Nigeria. Sociology

Study 6(3):186‐195.

Ghosh, S. L., Ow, F. and Wilson,B. 2014. Influence of biochar and compost on

soil properties and tree growth in a Tropical Urban Environment. Int.J.

Environ. Sci. Technol. DOI10.1007/s13762-014-0508-0.

Gwenzi, W., Chaukura, ,N., Mukome, F.N.D., Machado, S. and Nyamasoka,

B. 2015.Biochar production and applications in Sub-Saharan Africa:

opportunities, constraints, risks and uncertainties. Journal of

Environmental Management. 150:250 –261.

Iderawin A. M. and Friday, C. E. 2018. Characteristics effect of weed on growth

performance and yield of maize (Zea mays L.). Biomedical Journal of

Scientific and Technical Research. 7 (3). DOI: 10.2617.2018. 07.001945

Jan, A., Ali, S., Ahmad, I., Ahmad, I. 2014. Impact of soil amendment on yield and

yield attributes of maize ( Zea mays L.) under different irrigation schedule.

Journal of Environment and Earth Science. 4(22): 132-139

Jaiswal, P.C. 2004. Soil, plant and water analysis. Indhiana, Kalyani Publishers,

India,437pp.

Kalemelawa, F. 2013. Study on sustainable banana waste management through

compost and biochar production for soil amelioration and environment

preservation. A Doctoral Thesis (Unpublished )Submitted to the United

Graduate School of Agricultural Sciences, Tottori University in Partial Fulfilment of the Requirements for Award of The Doctorate Degree in Agriculture.

Karen, A.M. 2015. The effect of biochar on the growth of agricultural weed.

Retrieved from http://docs.lib.purdue.edu/open_access_thesis/582.

KNARDA- Kano Agricultural and Rural Development Agency (KNARDA), 1998.

Soil andWater Quality Analysis Report. Kano, National Fadama

Development Project.

Kolawale A. 1993. Economic analysis of Drylands farming in Nigeria with

special reference to the Accelerated Wheat Production Programme in

Kano and Kaduna States. African arid lands working paper series

No.3/93.NordiskaAfrika institute (The Scandinavian Institute of African

Studies). UPPSALA,Sweden.

Lado, A., Rufa’i,S.,Manga, A.A. and Hussaini, M.A. 2008.Responseofonion

(AlliumcepaL.) to nutrient sources and weeding regimes in Sudan

Savannah. Nigerian Journal of Horticultural Science. 13:119-127.

Liu, J., Schulz, H. Brand, S.,Miehtke, H.,Huwe, B. and Glaser, B.. 2012. Short-

term effect of biochar and compost on soil fertility and water status of a

Dystric Cambisolin NEGermany under field Conditions. J. Plant Nutr.

Soil Sci. 1–10 (DOI:10.1002/jpln.201100172).

Lehmann, J., Da Silva, J. P. Jr.,Steiner, C., Nehls, T.,Zech,W. and Glaser. B.

Nutrient availability and leaching in an archaeological anthrosolanda ferrosol of the Central Amazon basin: Fertilizer ,Manure and Charcoal Amendments. Plant Soil 249:343–357.

Lillenberg,M.,Yurchenko, S., Kipper,K., Herodes,K.,Pihl, V., Lo˜hmus, R.,

Ivask, M., Kuu, A., Kutti, S., Litvin, S. V. and Nei, A. 2010. Presence of Fluoroquinolones and Sulfonamides in urban sewage sludge and their

degradation as a result of composting. Int J Environ SciTechnol 7:307–

Liverpool-Tasie, L.S.O.,Omonona,B.T.,Sanou, A., and Ogunleye,W.O.. 2017.

Is increasing inorganic fertilizer use for Maize Production in SSA a

Profitable proposition? Evidence from Nigeria. Food Policy.67:41–51.

McLaughlin, H., Anderson, P.S.,Shields, F.E. and Reed, T.B.2009. All biochars

are not created equal,and how to Tell them apart. North American Biochar

Conference, Boulder, CO – August2009.

Mutezo, W.T., 2013. Early crop growth and yield responses of maize (Zea mays)

to Biochar Applied on soil. NAF-IRN International Working Paper Series.

Paper No.13/03.

NAERLS (National Agricultural Extension Research and Liason Services). 2010.

Agricultural performance survey of 2010 Wet Season in Nigeria. Zaria, Nigeria, 182pp.

Nosiru, O. M. O. and Odusina,O. A.2008. Economic evaluation of irrigated

Maize farms towards boosting maize productivity: Acase study of Epe LGA, Lagos State. Am-Euras.J.Sci.Res., 3 (1): 19-23, 2008.

Ogbe, A. O.,Okoruwa, V. O. and Saka, O. J.2011. Competitiveness of Nigerian

rice and maize production ecologies: A policy analysis approach.

Tropical and Subtropical Agroecosystems 14: 493-500.

Ojanuga, A. G., 2006. Agro-ecological zones of Nigeria manual. Abuja, Federal

Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development,124pp.

Place, B. V. F., Barrett, C. B., Freeman, H.A. and Ramisch, J. J.2003. Prospects

for integrated soil fertility management using organic and inorganic Inputs:

Evidence from Small Holder African Agricultural Systems.Food Policy

–378.

Sangakkara, U. R., Amarasekera, P., and Stamp, P. 2010. Irrigation regimes affect

Early root development ,shoot growth and yields of maize (Zea mays L.)

In Tropical Minor Seasons. Plant Soil Environ. 56 (5):228–234.

Schimmelpfennig, S. and Glaser, B.. 2012. One step forward toward

characterization: Some important material properties to distinguish

biochars. J. Environ. Qual. 41(4):1001–1013.

Steiner, R.,Teixeira, J.,Lehmann,T.,Nehis, J. L.,Macedo,V. and Zech,W. 2007.

Longterm effect of manure, charcoal and mineral fertilization on crop

production and fertility on a highly weathered central amazon upland

Soil. Plant &Soil. 291:275-290.

Tandy, S.,Healey, J. R.,Nason, M. A.,Williamson, J. C., and Jones, D. L. 2009.

remediation of metal polluted mine soil with compost: Composting

Versus Incorporation. Environ Pollution 157:690–697.

Tijani, A. A. and Osotimehin, K.O. 2007. Economics of pesticides use among

maize farmers in Edo State, Nigeria. Research Journal of Agricultural

Biological Sciences 3:129-132.

USCC, 2011. Keeping Organics Out of Landfills. USCC Position statement.

http://compostingcouncil.org/admin/wp- content/uploads/2011/11/Keeping-Organics-Out-of-Landfills-Position-

Paper.pdf. Accessed July,2016.

UNEP, 2005. Integrated assessment of the impact of trade Liberation. A country

Study on the Nigerian Rice Sector. ISBN92-807-2450-9.

Verma, B. R., Virdia, H. M.,and Kumar,D.. 2017. Effect of integrated weed

management on yield, quality and economics of summer sorghum

(Sorghum bicolor L.). International Journal of Current Microbiology and

Applied Science 6 (8):1630-1636.https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.608.196.

Wang, L.,X.,Sun S. L.,,and Zhang, V. T.W. and 2014 Application of

organic amendments to a coastal saline soil in North China: Effects on soil

physical and chemical properties and tree growth. PLoS ONE 9(2):

e89185.doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0089185.

Zerihun, A. and Haile, D.2017. The effect of organic and Inorganic fertilizers on

the yield of two contrasting soybean varieties and residual nutrient

Effects on a subsequent finger millet crop. Agronomy

:42;doi:10.3390/agronomy7020042.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


A KAU publication [CODEN: JTAGEI; ISSN 0971-636X; eISSN 0973-5399]