Effect of organic manures and biofertilizers on growth and yield attributes of papaya (Carica papaya L.)

Divya Hari, Bindu B.


An experiment was carried out at College of Agriculture, Vellayani, Kerala Agricultural University to study the effect of organic manures and biofertilizers on growth, yield and quality parameters of papaya with 11 treatments replicated thrice in randomised block design. Different doses of organic manures and bio fertilizers were applied to the plant on nitrogen equivalent basis. The study revealed that application of 100 per cent recommended dose of N in organic form along with AMF and PGPR Mix-1 significantly increased the fruit weight, fruit girth, fruit length, fruit volume, pulp percentage, flesh thickness of the fruit, and total yield of the plant compared to other organic treatments and 100 per cent RDF (240: 240: 480 g NPK plant-1 year-1 + FYM 10kg plant) increased the number of fruits per plant.


AMF, PGPR MIX-1, biofertilizers

Full Text:



Babu. N. 2003. Effect of organic inputs and potassium growth and yield of Co 5 papaya. Indian J. of Agrl. Sci. 73:212-214.

Chandra, K.K. 2014. Growth, Fruit Yield and Disease Index of Carica Papaya L. inoculated with Pseudomonas straita and Inorganic Fertilizers. J. Bio. Fertil. Biopestici. 5(2): 16.

Dutta, P., Kundu, S., and Chatterjee, S. 2010. Effect of biofertilizers on homestead fruit production of papaya cv. Ranchi [abstract]. In: Abstracts,Second International Symposium on Papaya; 9-12, December, 2008, Madurai. Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, p.94. Abstract No.82.

Gharge, D.D., Karadge, B.A., and Gandhi, M.B. 2014. Cumulative effect of VAM fungus and Rhizobium on carbohydrate and mineral content of Carica papaya L. Indian J. Adv. Plant Res. 1(4): 50-55

Hazarika, B.N. and Ansari, S. 2010. Effect of integrated nutrient management on growth and yield of banana cv. Jahaji. Indian J. Hort. 67(2):270-273.

Hofmeyr, J. D. J. 1936. Inheritance in the papaya progeny- studies of selected progeny. Fmg. S. Afr. 11: 107-109.

Kirad, K. S., Barche, S., and Singh, D. B. 2010. Integrated nutrient management in papaya (Carica papaya L.) cv. Surya. Acta Hort. 851: 377-379.

Lima, L.S. and Hawa, J.S. 2007. Earliness in flowering and dwarfism in relation to internode length and tree height in papaya (Carica papaya L.). Acta Hort. 740: 103-108.

Oliveira, A.M.G., Souza, L.F.S., and Coelho, E.F. Papapya 2004. Available: http://www.ipipotash.org/udocs/8_Papaya.pdf. [05 April 2017].

Pinamouti, F. and Sicher, L. 2001. Compost Utilization in Horticultural Cropping Systems. Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, New York, 199p.

Rajput, M. S. and Ram, R.A. 1998. Effect of organic manures and biofertilizer on growth, yield and fruit quality of mango cv. Dashehari. Int. J. Mendel 15: 49-50.

Ravishankar, H. and Karunakaran, G. 2010. Performance of Coorg Honey Dew papaya under organic farming regimes in the hill zones of Karnataka [abstract]. In: Abstracts, Second International Symposium on Papaya; 9-12, December, 2008, Madurai. Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, p.63. Abstract No.54.

Reddy, Y.T.N. and Kohli, R.R. 1995. Effect of nitrogen on growth, yield and quality in papaya (Carica papaya L.) cv. Coorg Honey Dew. Narendra Deva J. Agric. Res. 4(1): 53-56.

Shijini, E.M. 2010. Response of papaya to organic manures, plant growth promoting microorganisms and mulching. M.Sc.(Hort.) thesis, Kerala Agricultural University, Thrissur, 101p.

Singh, D. K., Ghosh, S. K., Paul P. K., and Suresh. C. P. 2010. Effect of different micronutrients on growth, yield and quality of papaya (Carica papaya L.) cv. Ranchi. Acta Hort. 851: 378-381.

Zabedah, M. 2001. Effect of bio-organic fertilizer on performance of Eksotika papaya. MARDI- Bio-Organic System & Services Series No.8, Malasyia, 101p


  • There are currently no refbacks.

A KAU publication [CODEN: JTAGEI; ISSN 0971-636X; eISSN 0973-5399]