Mineral and nutritional potential of Clitoria ternatea L. variants as forage

J. Shamnad

Abstract


Mineral and nutritional analysis for seven variants of Clitoria ternatea, including single blue, single white, single light blue, single violet, double blue, double pink and double white, collected from Jawaharlal Nehru Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute, Thiruvananthapuram was conducted in 2018. ‘Light blue’ variant contained highest protein (18.2 g) and considerable amounts of β-carotene (0.241 g), iron and phosphorus. The ‘violet’ variant possessed greatest amount of carbohydrate (7.1 g), and protein (14.1 g), and also good amounts of calcium, iron and phosphorus. The ‘double white’ variant also possessed high amount of carbohydrate (7.1g) and β-carotene (0.25 g), along with considerable amounts of protein, calcium and phosphorus. ‘Double pink’ was unique with highest content of β-carotene (0.45 g) and possessed high carbohydrate, and also calcium, iron and phosphorus. The relatively good growth performance of C. ternatea and the reasonable forage yield and quality, suggested that C. ternatea could be a good forage crop, and that four variants, viz., ‘light blue’, ‘violet’, ‘double white’ and ‘double pink’ were nutritionally good in one way or the other.


Keywords


Protein, iron, calcium, carbohydrate, phosphorus

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References


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