Climate Change Adaptation: A Global Review of Farmers Strategies
Keywords:climate change, climate variability, adaptation strategies, agriculture, short- term strategies, long- term strategies
AbstractBuilding an effective agricultural adaptation strategy is imperative to ensure food security in a world challenged by climate change constraints. Government and private individuals worldwide have been adopting short and long- term response strategies to cope up with erratic climate change impacts. Crop and livestock diversification, altering or optimizing planting dates, land, pest and nutrient management decisions, insurance and temporary migration were identified as the popular short-term adaptation measures among farmers around the globe irrespective of the agro-ecological zone they belong to. Capital intensive long- term adaptation strategies like Changing crop type and location, modernization of farm and practicing novel technologies, improved water management practices and permanent migration of labour were adopted by farmers, though on a limited scale. A rational, pragmatic and cost-effective method to deal with the possible outcomes associated with sudden or gradual climate scenarios is the implementation of sustainable agricultural policy in conjunction with concerted climate change adaptation strategies.
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