Evaluation of ecotypes of banana (Musa AAB plantain subgroup)

Annjoe V. Joseph, S. Simi

Abstract


The present study was conducted at the Instructional Farm of the College of Agriculture, Vellayani, Thiruvanathapuram, during April 2016 - May 2017 to evaluate the various ecotypes of plantain with respect to biometric, yield, physiological and quality characteristics. The experiment was laid out in randomised block design with ten treatments and three replications. The study revealed that considerable variability existed among the different ecotypes of plantain. Mettupalayam Nendran produced the highest yield but it had long crop duration. Chengalikodan was found to be the best among the different ecotypes for quality parameters like acidity, TSS, TSS/acid ratio, reducing sugar, total sugar and total carotenoids. The ecotypes Mettupalayam Nendran, Myndoli etc. which have high yield, and ecotype Chengalikodan, which is best in quality parameters can be used in crop improvement programmes to develop superior Nendran varieties.


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A KAU publication [CODEN: JTAGEI; ISSN 0971-636X; eISSN 0973-5399]