Variability studies for quality characters in neikumbalam accessions

Manisha Elza Jacob, N. Miniraj

Abstract


Vaidyakumbalam/medicinal ashgourd or neikumbalam is a specific ecotype of ashgourd in Kerala which is highly valued for its medicinal properties. Neikumbalam is the principal ingredient used in the preparation of the Ayurvedic medicine “Kooshmanda rasayanam” and “poosanilehyam”, a similar preparation made by the Siddha medicine physicians. In the present study, neikumbalam accessions were collected from different locations in Kerala and laid out in field experiment along with vegetable ash gourd variety “Indu”. Fully mature fruits were harvested and used for phytochemical screening and biochemical estimation. Phytochemical screening of the fruit extracts revealed the presence of sugars, starch, proteins, amino acids, tannins, phenols, glycosides and flavanoids in both type of ash gourds. The biochemical analysis of mature fruits of neikumbalam revealed higher content of total minerals and total free amino acids. The neikumbalam type BH 4 recorded significantly highest total free amino acid content and total mineral content than other accessions.


Keywords


Benincasa hispida, antioxidant property, neikumbalam

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References


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