Outbreak of Glyphodes caesalis (Lepidoptera, Pyraloidea, Crambidae, Spilomelinae) on exotic varieties of jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus) and a note on records of its occurrence in Kerala

Sangamesh R. Hiremath, T. Santhoshkumar, K. D. Prathapan


Outbreak of the jackfruit borer Glyphodes caesalis is reported in commercial plantations of Tekam Yellow (J 33) and Vietnam Super Early varieties in Kerala in January 2021 and March 2022 respectively. Fruit damage of 24.6 per cent on Tekam Yellow and 6.64 per cent on Vietnam Super Early were observed. Archemis sp. (Crambidae, Spilomelinae, Trichaeini) was observed infesting jack fruit along with G. caesalis. Records of occurrence of G. caesalis in Kerala are reviewed.


Glyphodes caesalis, Artocarpus heterophyllus, Pest, Archemis sp., India

Full Text:



Ayyar, T.V.R. 1923. Some insects noted as pests of fruit trees in South India.

The Agricultural Journal of India, 18 (1): 50-59.

Ayyar, T.V.R. 1940. Handbook of economic entomology for south India. Government Press, Madras, 528 p.

Fletcher, T. B. 1914. Some South Indian insects and other animals of economic importance considered especially from an economic point of view. Government Press, Madras, 565 p. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.44262

GBIF.org (04 March 2021) GBIF Occurrence Download https://doi.org/10.15468/dl.hm5j95

Ismail, N. and Kaur, B. 2013. Consumer preference for jackfruit varieties in Malaysia. Journal of Agribusiness Marketing, 6:37-51.

Khan, M.A.M. and Islam, K.S. 2004. Nature and extent of damage of jackfruit borer, Diaphania caesalis Walker in Bangladesh. Journal of biological sciences, 4(3): 327-330.

Manjunatha, R. 2002. Insect pests of jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus Lamk.) with special reference to the biology and management of jack shoot and fruit borer, Diaphania caesalis (Walker) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Thesis submitted to the University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore, 69 p.

Nair, M.R.G.K. 1978. A monograph on crop pests of Kerala and their control. Kerala Agricultural University, Trichur, 162 p.

Soumya, K., Krishnamoorthy, A. and Venkatesha, M.G. 2015. Occurrence of Jack shoot and fruit borer, Diaphania caesalis (Walker) (Pyralidae: Lepidoptera) in Kerala, India. Current Biotica, 9 (3): 295-299.

Soumya, K., Krishnamoorthy, A. and Venkatesha, M.G. 2019. Biology and seasonal incidence of the jack shoot and fruit borer, Diaphania caesalis (Walker) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae). International Journal of Tropical Insect Science. https://doi.org/10.1007/s42690-019-00033-6

Soumya, K., Krishnamoorthy, A. and Venkatesha, M.G. 2020. Insect Pest complex of jackfruit in South India. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science. https://doi.org/10.1007/s42690-020-00099-7

Walker, F. 1859. Pyralites. – List of the Specimens of Lepidopterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum, London, 17: 255–508.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

A KAU publication [CODEN: JTAGEI; ISSN 0971-636X; eISSN 0973-5399]